Why to attend???
This is the best opportunity to reach the largest assemblage of participants from the Petroleum Refinery and Safety community. It provides a pre-eminent technical forum for reporting and learning about the latest research and development, as well as for launching new applications and technologies and the effectiveness of various regulatory programs towards Petroleum Refinery and Safety. Conduct presentations, distribute information, meet with current and potential scientists, and receive name recognition at this 2-day event. World-renowned speakers, the most recent techniques, developments, and the newest updates in Petroleum Refinery and Safety are hallmarks of this conference.
Our aim is to erect a platform for robust exchange of information on
technological advances, new scientific achievements and the effectiveness of
various regulatory programs towards Petroleum Refinery and Safety. It provides
a premier technical forum for reporting and learning about the latest research
and development, as well as for launching new applications and technologies.
Allied Academies cordially invites all the participants across the globe from leading universities, Petroleum research institutions and all interested to share their research experiences in the "8th Annual Congress on Petroleum Refinery and Safety during September 28-29, 2017 at London, UK with the theme of “Transpiring technologies and challenges in petroleum refinery and safety”.
Track 1: Refining Processes
Petroleum refining plays a vital role in our lives whose refining processes are area unit of chemical engineering processes. Most transportation vehicles on the road are powered by processed products such as petrol or fuel, fuel, jet fuel, kerosene and fuel oil. The recent rise in crude oil price has affected the refining industries in many ways. These resulted for increased search of fuel products from non-fossil fuel sources, development of better methods to process tar sand, coal gasification and synthesis of fuels by Fischer-Troopship technology, and initiation of long term plans to look for renewable sources.
On the other side, stricter environment regulations have raised the cost of producing clean fuel. This motivated the search for producing clean fuel by non-conventional methods, such as ambient desulphurization by liquid oxidants.
Track 2: Refinery Feedstock
The study of petroleum refining starts with delineating its feedstock, the crude oil and the range of products that are produced by the various processes. Crude oil comes from different parts of the world and has different chemical and physical characteristics. On the other side, products produced should meet market requirements and as such, should comply with certain specification.
Track 3: Refinery Product Blending
Refinery processes produce semi-finished products which must be mingled in order to meet the demand of specification of product. The main purpose of product blending is to find the best of mixing different intermediates products available for the refinery and some additives in order to adjust the product specification. The quality of the finished product is always checked by laboratory test before market distribution. Gasoline is tested for octane number, Reid vapour pressure and volatility. Kerosene are tested for flash point and volatility. Gas oils are tested for diesel index, flash point, pour point, could point and viscosity. Product qualities are predicted through correlations that depend upon the quantities and the properties of the blended components.
Track 4: Engineering Aspects of Refining
Engineering plays a vital role in the field of petroleum refining. The main content of engineering used in petroleum refining is stoichiometry. Stoichiometry is the basic expression of the arithmetic relationship between the atoms and molecules that are consumed by chemical reaction. A basic understanding of reaction stoichiometry is required for the formulation of compositional changes in chemical reactive mixtures and reaction engineering problems. Stoichiometry reactions can be expressed regardless of reaction mechanism as it does not involve in reaction mechanism.
A Petroleum refinery is a troupe of unit actions, such as fractionation towers, pumps, and heat interchangers. Scrutiny and modelling of these units desire command of the thermodynamics and substantial properties of these petroleum fluids. Modelling of crude distillation towers, heat interchangers, and so on depends on different physical properties like enthalpies, viscosity, thermal conductivity and so on. As the petroleum and fossil fuels anatomy is difficult it is not possible to assess or compute accurately all these properties. So research works of chemical engineers over the years lead to the development of notable methods to compute these properties like normal boiling point, specific gravity and so on to characterize these petroleum fractions.
Track 6: Safety in Petroleum Refineries
Safety is of supreme consequences in all crude oil refineries. Each worker is included in flourishing the regulations and procedures for work safety. Each worker in the processing unit is a part of safety structure and will always be sure to work safely and help others to work safely. High safety calibrations should be employed to all regular jobs in refinery. Personal protective equipment are the clothing equipment that had to be used by workers in the refinery site while working.
Track 7: Energy Conversion and Storage
Energy conversion and storage is process where energy is converted from one to another form and store the energy produced at a time for future use. Radiation, chemical, electrical potential, latent heat, electricity and kinetic are the various forms of energy. Energy storage includes transmuting energy from form that is complex to reserve to more conveniently or economically storable forms. 99% of global energy storage is dominated by pumped hydro.
Track 8: Public and Environmental Health
Environmental health is that the branch of human health that is involved with all aspects of the natural and engineered atmosphere which will have an effect on human health. Alternative terms touching on or regarding environmental health are environmental public health, and public health protection or environmental health protection. Environmental health is targeted on the natural and engineered environments for the good thing about human health and also the scheme.
Track 9: Refinery Economics
The appetite and desire for crude oil and petroleum products are the major factors in determining the status of the world economics. The rise in appetite of crude oil around the world has been largely responsible for the rise in the price of crude oil. The rise in appetite is due to rise in demand for petroleum products, the economics of the petroleum processing industry will undergo mammoth changes. Costs, products price, refinery difficulty and on stream factors are the factors that are affecting refinery economics.
Track 10: Environmental Effects in Refining
The Darwinism of petroleum refining from basic distillation to till day highly developed processes has generated a need for environmental, health and safety management procedures and safe work. The safe processing or fossil fuel into flammable gases and liquids at high pressure and temperature using vessels, piping and equipment require substantial control technologies to avoid damage to the environment. Gas waste, waste water and solid waste are the common waste from refineries. Refinery pollution is rising a new challenge to protect water, soil and atmosphere from pollution.
Track 11: Safety Culture
Safety culture is the stance, credence, cognizance and values that are employees share in relation to safety in the workplace. Safety culture is area unit of organisational culture and the sentence ‘the way we do things around here’ describes it. Tragedies related to workplace are the cause for failure in an organisation’s policies and procedures that were established to deal with safety and failure occurs due to improper attention paid to safety issues. On field practices for handling hazards, continuous training, care on hazards results in better safety culture.
Track 12: Occupational Safety
Occupational safety is also called as occupational safety and health or workplace health and safety, is a multidisciplinary area agitated with the safety, health and welfare of workers at work. To enrich a safe and healthy work place environment is the goal of occupational safety. The safety of employees and other persons is the responsibility of organisations effected by particular organisation activities.
Track 13: Safety Management Services
Ethical, legal and financial are the vital things for espousing a safety management system for a business. There is an associate moral obligation employed on an employer to ensure that work activities and work place is safe. The direct and indirect costs associated with accidents and incidents can be reduced by substantial body by reducing financial exposure of the organisation.
Reliability and safety data collection is area unit of reliability engineering that spotlights solidity in the lifecycle management of a product. The function of a product under stated conditions in span of time is reliability. Reliability engineering deals with the evaluation, separation and management of high levels of lifespan engineering uncertainty and risk of failure. Through mathematics and statistics the root cause for failure in reliability cannot found.
Thermal cracking is the splitting of heavy residues under high thermal conditions. The liquid products of thermal cracking process includes highly aromatic and contains high sulphur composition. To improve their properties they require hydrogen treatment. Coking is the process of rejection of carbon the heavy residues through which components with low sulphur content arte produced. Cracking reactions takes place at the initial step and products like coke are produced at the final stage.
Track 16: Fluidised Catalytic Cracking Process
Catalytic refinery process is one of the practical applications used in the refinery to improve the process efficiency. Catalytic process is a translating process that can be applied to different feedstock varying from gas oils to heavy oil. The desire to increase gasoline supplies gave a rise to catalytic cracking process. `
Track 17: Fuel Cell and Natural Gas
Natural gas is naturally happening hydrogen gas mixture with methane as its primary content. Natural gas generally includes change amount of other higher alkanes and at time small propositions of carbon dioxide, hydrogen sulphide or helium. Natural gas is formed due to decomposition of dead plants, animals and others for a span of long time. Natural gas is used as a fuel in vehicles, as a source of energy for heating, cooking and electricity generation.
On other hand, fuel cell is a device that is used to convert fuel chemical energy into electricity through a series of chemical operations. The research field in fuel cell includes its thermodynamic properties, charge transportation and so on.